If you are about to begin IVF treatment then you will have to undergo a variety of tests to check on your health and fertility. Some of the tests will be performed at your fertility clinic, but you may also be advised to have an ultrasound. The Birth Company can perform a full pelvic ultrasound to check for any issues that might affect your IVF treatment.
Checking for Gynaecological Conditions
The main issues that the sonographer will check for during an IVF scan are:
- Fibroids: benign growths in the womb that affect 1 in 4 women, they are usually harmless but can affect your chances of conceiving if they are large or in the wrong place. Most fibroids won’t affect embryo implantation, but if they might then they will need to be removed before IVF.
- Ovarian cysts: fluid-filled growths in the ovaries that should disappear without causing any problems, but which can affect your fertility if there are lots of them. It might be necessary to treat the cysts or wait for them to disappear before starting IVF as fertility drugs can cause them to grow or persist.
- Polyps: growths in the uterus that may need to be removed by your gynaecologist if they could affect the chances of implantation during IVF.
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: an infection in your reproductive system that can cause scarring and fertility problems, it should be treated before you try to get pregnant with IVF.
- Cancer: although it is rare, any unusual growths on your ovaries, uterus or elsewhere could be a sign of cancer so they will need to be investigated and treated.
- Other gynaecological conditions: the pre-IVF scan could also pick up other health problems that might be affecting your fertility or which could benefit from treatment.
In addition to checking for these gynaecological problems that could affect your fertility treatment, the sonographer will also look for any other issues with your reproductive system during an IVF scan. The health, structure and appearance of your ovaries and womb will be assessed. The follicles within the ovaries and the womb lining will also be checked to ensure that they look as expected for the current stage in your menstrual cycle
. The results will be shared with your fertility clinic to help guide your care.