Your growing baby now measures up to 45cm from crown to heel and weighs approximately 2kg. Babies born at 34 weeks have an excellent chance of surviving without major health issues.
3D Ultrasound image of fetus at 34 weeks gestation.
By the 34th week your baby can be up to 45cm in length – from crown to heel. Body fat continues to develop and build up beneath the skin in preparation to assist in regulating body temperature after birth. Babies born at 34 weeks have an excellent chance of surviving and will usually only require minimal medical intervention.
Babies born at this stage rarely have long-term problems related to prematurity. The lungs are now nearly fully developed although the central nervous system is still maturing. Both the digestive and intestinal systems are now fully developed and functioning and the bowel will probably be holding the first meconium stool (the first bowel movement), which will be passed after birth.
Urine is being passed from the bladder out into the amniotic fluid. Around this time the ability to hear is fully developed and the fetus is able to hear and attend to external noise such as your voice, and the voices of your partner and family. Some research shows that babies prefer higher pitched sounds both in the uterus and after birth. Hair continues to grow on the head and eyebrows and eyelashes are becoming thicker. Fingernails and toenails are also growing and are probably now reaching the tips of the fingers and toes.
At this stage of pregnancy, some women experience a tingling sensation or numbness in their pelvic region. This is thought to be the effect of a loosening of pelvic muscles in preparation for giving birth. Although this is perfectly normal, some women also experience pain in the hips and/or pelvis. If you are struggling to deal with pain, you should consult your midwife or Doctor.
Some women experience changes in their vision during pregnancy. There are a number of causes of this. Firstly, pregnancy hormones can cause vision to appear less sharp. The tear ducts may also be producing fewer tears, causing eyes to feel dray and irritated. Finally, an increase in fluid behind the eye can cause increased pressure on the eyeball, altering its shape. This can lead to changes in vision. All of these changes are temporary and should all resolve after giving birth. You may also notice changes in your hair and its growth. Many women report that their hair grows more quickly and is thicker during pregnancy. Some women also find that, due to pregnancy hormones, hair grows on the cheeks, chin and back. If you are concerned about this, you should consult your pharmacist about pregnancy-safe hair removal options.
After giving birth however, your hormone levels will return to normal and hair growth will lessen. An increased level of oestrogen during pregnancy stimulates all mucous membranes in the body. This, combined with an increased blood flow to the pelvic area, can lead to increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy. This is perfectly normal and should return to normal after giving birth.
If you can, you may find taking gentle exercise helpful, e.g. a daily walk. This will not only help to maintain your general level of fitness and stamina, which will help you during labour, but can also help to alleviate pregnancy-related aches and pains and can promote more restful sleep.
It is important to ensure that the baby is moving well. This means at least ten episodes of movement per day. The baby may not move much one day but the next it should. If it does not you should see a medical professional. In essence the tummy should be growing and the baby moving.
Pre-eclampsia, vaginal bleeding, premature birth and obstetric cholestasis are important complications in late pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia manifests as headaches, disturbances of vision, swelling particularly of the legs and face and upper abdominal pain. It can result in a small baby and the tummy being smaller than it should be. Vaginal haemorrhage (bleeding) is abnormal in late pregnancy. Painful contractions can result in premature birth. Itching of the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet may be due to obstetric cholestasis which is a threat to the baby. A blood test can check for this. More generalized itching is common and usually harmless.
Visits to the midwife or GP become more frequent in later pregnancy. She will ask about symptoms, take the blood pressure and check the urine. The midwife will measure the tummy with a tape measure. This is a crude, basic method of estimating the size of the baby. Referral will be made to the consultant as necessary. If there is a serious threat of early birth then an injection of steroids is given to the mother which will help to protect the baby from respiratory distress.
In a private self referral clinic additional blood tests and ultrasound scans can be done at short notice with rapid reporting of results. This is important if the baby is smaller than it should be or not moving enough. The woman and her partner can see a consultant for opinion and advice. This is done at a convenient time and with plenty time for discussion.
Pregnancy-safe massage is available to ease muscle ache and stress associated with late pregnancy.
' Professional and reassuring 'Helen Campbell
The sonographer was ready as soon as I arrived, and she was extremely calming, personable and professional. The scan and blood test where efficient without feeling rushed and all very easy. These appointments can feel uneasy and make you feel anxious but I felt reassured and in professional hands the whole time
I saw Kate throughout my first pregnancy and am now doing so again with my second. She is absolutely amazing, she explains everything really clearly, and has answered all sorts of bizarre questions and worries I have had. On top of being clinically excellent she is also just the loveliest person and always a pleasure to see.Sarah Elliott
We had the harmony test with the Birth Company and had a reassurance scan with sonographer Kirsty McGarry who was absolutely lovely and really put our minds at rest. We had been scared by our NHS dating scan and left feeling like there was something wrong. We explained the situation and was treated very professionally and with good care. Also speedy appointments also as I had phone in the morning and got an appointment by afternoon. So thankful.Ashley and Tom
Really friendly, efficient service. Great experience overall. Had the Panorama. My appointment was with Kate who was absolutely fantastic. The results came really quickly. Have a comparison with private healthcare elsewhere and must say that The Birth Company was just how I would like to be treated when I pay for medical services - attentively, calmly, friendly, in a pleasant environment that doesn't look like hospital. Top marks!Anna
' Efficient, friendly and always on hand to provide last minute appointments 'Hannah Murphy
The Birth Company has been excellent, providing timely scans and blood tests during my IVF treatment abroad. Staff are always friendly and extremely efficient. I would highly recommend coming here.
' Professional and friendly 'Lyndsey Dilla
When I first contacted the Birth Company I spoke to Danielle. She was fantastic. She went above & beyond to put me at easy & make the journey from Kent as stress free as possible. Every staff member that myself and my husband have come into contact with have been approachable, professional and friendly. Kate scanned me the first time and put me completely at easy. Lisa on reception is professional and very approachable. Highly recommended
' Highly recommended 'Emelie
Donald was so lovely! I was so nervous as I have a bad history and he was super quick and confirmed my baby's heartbeat as quickly as he could. He spent time showing me the baby and the anatomy and it was the best money I have ever spent! The reception girls were lovely too - considering they deal with babies day in day out they were super excited for me! Thank you so much one and all! If only I lived in London and could have all my scans with you!
Great Portland Street