With just one week before your second trimester you may already be considering a room for your baby or buying clothes and accessories. If you haven’t told your family and friends yet you don’t have much longer to wait.
At the eleventh week of pregnancy, your baby measures between 4.4cm and 5.5cm from crown to rump and weighs around 8.5g. With all critical body parts and organs in place, the rest of your pregnancy is focused on the growth and strengthening of the parts already formed. The umbilical cord will complete its formation during this time and will be fully functional, carrying nutrients to the fetus and carrying waste products away from the fetus. The blood vessels of the placenta are also increasing in size to accommodate the increasing demands of your rapidly growing baby. In addition to this, your baby’s eyes are complete while the nasal passages are open. If your baby is a girl, she will already have formed ovaries and both sexes have fully formed nipples.
The fingers and toes are now completely separated and have finger and toe nails. Your baby will enjoy a lot more movement now and although you may not feel this until 16 weeks you you’re your baby stretching and moving on a scan.
If you have been suffering from feelings of nausea and fatigue, the end may be in sight. Although they often continue until week 13 (and sometimes throughout the whole pregnancy), you may notice the feelings subside a little over the coming weeks. It is important to maintain a healthy diet, even if you are struggling with food aversions and feelings of nausea. Although ‘snacking’ can help to alleviate nausea, try to eat healthy snacks. Dried foods, especially apricots, are also iron-rich and nuts provide the protein you need along with many B vitamins. You may experience digestive problems, such as flatulence and constipation, these are caused by high levels of progesterone slowing down the digestive system.
As you approach the end of your first trimester, you may notice the linea negra appear on your stomach, this is a vertical band of dark pigmentation in your skin. This is perfectly normal and not all women experience it.
Vaginal bleeding is not uncommon. If it is not associated with cramping or pain, it can be harmless. It’s always best to check any bleeding with your doctor or midwife. Bleeding of this type may continue for some days but generally changes from bright red to dark red to brown before it disappears. In some cases a bruise is seen on the placenta on ultrasound scan: this is called a subchorionic haematoma. The dark red bleeding is likely to be persistent if this is present. The risk of an ectopic pregnancy has generally passed at this stage except in rare cases.
If you have bleeding in early pregnancy and you have associated severe abdominal pain you are at a high risk of miscarriage. In about 40% of cases there is shown to be a fetal abnormality incompatible with life. Unfortunately if a miscarriage has begun, there is nothing you can do to stop it.
Around this stage of pregnancy, you will probably be offered an ultrasound scan. For many women this is the first scan they will have, although earlier scans are possible. During this scan your due date will be confirmed or adjusted. It will also be possible to tell if you are carrying twins. It may be a good time to think about booking antenatal classes.
You can have a similar consultation to that in the NHS if you wish with an experienced private midwife or a consultant obstetrician. In addition you will be offered an ultrasound scan. Women like this because they can see the fetus and hear the heartbeat. This scan is generally performed through the tummy (a transabdominal scan). At this stage you can also have the blood test to check that the fetus does not have a chromosomal abnormality. This is a Non Invasive Prenatal Test, marketed in UK as Harmony or Panorama. This is particularly important if you are more than 35 years old or have previously been pregnant with a baby with chromosomal abnormalities.
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An Early Pregnancy Scan, also called a Viability or Dating ultrasound scan, will confirm a pregnancy, confirm the gestation age and establish an Estimated Due Date (EDD).
Reassurance Scans are performed at any stage from 14 weeks of pregnancy. This ultrasound scan is for parents to be who have any concerns about their pregnancy at this stage.
The Sexing Scan is performed from 16 weeks of pregnancy. This ultrasound scan is for parents to be who would like to know the sex of their baby earlier than the 20 week anomaly scan
Fetal Wellbeing and Growth ultrasound scans are performed from 24 weeks of pregnancy. The scan can even be performed if you have reached 40 weeks or have passed your due date.
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Honest Review of Our Patients
Excellent Team we met yesterday. From the wonderful and welcoming reception staff to meeting Belinda ‘B’. Belinda explained everything that was going to happen, made us feel really comfortable and relaxed. I could not recommend the clinic highly enough. Fantastic customer service and skilled medical team.
a month ago
All the staff were really nice to us . At the reception, the girls were smiling and welcoming. We were late and they managed to give us another quick appointment without waiting. The Lady who did a Scan was really good and professional. I was able to ask all questions I wanted and she was really reassuring.
a week ago
The Birth Company was such a pleasure to visit. I cannot thank Kate enough for all her patience, approachability and professionalism.
3 weeks ago
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