Week 19 of pregnancy (Days 133-139)

The fetus now measures between 13.4cm 15.2cm in length (crown to rump) and weighs approximately 200g. This week marks the halfway point of a full term pregnancy.

Trimester Chart
A Guide to each week of your pregnancy, with details on your baby’s growth, your body and symptoms to look out for.
  • 4

    Your baby is no longer a zygote or a single cell. The cells have multiplied rapidly and now the embryo is taking shape.

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  • 9

    From week 9 you can have Non-Invasive Prenatal Screening, to assess your risk of Down's Syndrome and other conditions.

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  • 13

    This week marks the end of the first trimester, and the risk of miscarrage reduces dramatically.

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1st Trimester

 

 

 
  • 14

    Your baby now measures around 8cm, from crown to rump and weighs around 40g.

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  • 22

    Your growing baby now measures 28cm from crown to heel and weighs approximately 350g.

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  • 28

    Your growing baby now measures 38cm from crown to heel and weighs approximately 1kg.

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2nd Trimester

 

 

 
  • 29

    Your growing baby now measures 39cm from crown to heel and weighs approximately 1.1kg.

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  • 36

    Your growing baby now measures up to 47.5cm from crown to heel and weighs approximately 2.7kg.

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  • 40

    Your baby is now considered full term and will not normally gain much weight at this point.

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3rd Trimester

 

 

 

Ultrasound image of fetus at 19 weeks gestation.

Baby

This week marks the halfway point of a full term pregnancy. The fetus now measures between 13.4cm 15.2cm in length (crown to rump) and weighs approximately 200g. The fetus is now covered with a greasy, white, protective substance called vernix caseosa that protects the delicate skin from the amniotic fluid. The vernix is usually shed during the last few weeks of pregnancy, although some babies are born with some vernix remaining.

Key developments in the brain will take place during this week. In particular, sensory nerve cells, responsible for sight, hearing, smell, touch and taste are all developing in specialist areas of the brain. The actual production rate of nerve cells is slowing down as existing nerve cells grow and form ever-increasingly complex connections. The fetus now also sleeps and wakes in a regular pattern and is continuing to practice breathing movements in preparation for life outside the uterus.

The fetus continues to swallow amniotic fluid and the kidneys are now effectively producing urine. In addition to this, hair continues to sprout from the scalp.

You

Your uterus has now grown to the extent that it is level with your belly button. The uterus will continue to grow approximately 1cm per week for the remainder of the pregnancy.

This may be the week that you first feel fetal movement. Most women first experience this some time between 18 and 20 weeks, although there can be a large amount of variation. Many women report feeling fetal movement earlier with their second and/or subsequent pregnancies. Many women describe the sensation of early fetal movement as a ‘fluttering’ – also known as quickening.

If you are suffering from pregnancy-related back pain, improving your posture could help. Yoga is a good way to improve posture, but you should make sure that your yoga teacher knows that you are pregnant, as some yoga poses are not recommended during pregnancy. You may also be experiencing tingling and/or numbness in your fingers and/or toes. This is a common pregnancy symptom and is probably due to swelling tissue pressing on nerves. It is usually nothing to worry about, but you should talk to your midwife or Doctor if you are concerned about it.

You may also be continuing to suffer with occasional faintness and/or dizziness. This is likely to be caused by restricted blood flow to your brain due to compression of blood vessels by your uterus. If you start to feel dizzy, light-headed or faint, you should act immediately and sit, or lie down as soon as possible. Although occasional dizziness is normal for many women during pregnancy, you should approach your midwife or doctor if you are concerned.

Symptoms to watch out for

Vaginal bleeding is not normal at this stage. Some abdominal pain and backache is normal. Vaginal discharge should be of consistent milky colour and volume. If it is pink or more voluminous you should see a medical professional. This is particularly true if you have had a previous late miscarriage, operation on your cervix or short cervix. It is also important if you are carrying twins.

What is routinely offered on NHS

The midwife will be able to provide you with advice. NHS hospitals may offer you the routine second scan at 18 weeks but it is better to defer it until 22 weeks when the view of the detailed structure is much better. This is called the anomaly scan.

What other care is available

General midwifery and medical advice is available in private clinics for which you do not require a referral letter. An ultrasound scan at this stage can check the baby for abnormalities and assess it's size. It can also determine the sex of the baby quite accurately. If you are concerned about your cervix becoming short or have other concerns about your cervix then an ultrasound scan of your cervix can be reassuring. This gives a better assessment when performed through the vagina.

If you are struggling with back pain a pregnancy safe massage may help.

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